In 1997, Gordon, one of the founders of Intel, ·, Moore saw Hocking himself and upgraded the computer he used to a personal computer with a Intel processor.
Since then, Intel has been providing Hocking with auxiliary equipment every two years and providing free technical support. Later, engineer David · Mason transformed Hocking's wheelchair, adding a machine pronunciation engine.
In 2008, Hocking's physical condition deteriorated again, and his thumb gradually lost his motor ability. At this point, the eyeball became his second hands. Aided by the help of his assistant, Hocking completed text input through eye movements and blinking. However, the infrared induction device with low accuracy is directly responsible for the low efficiency of Hocking input.
By 2011, Hocking could only &ldquo every minute; say ” make a word so that he sends a letter to Gordon · Moore says: “ my voice is very, very slow. Is there any way Intel can help me? ”
So, Moore gave Intel chief technology officer Justin · Justin was responsible for Hocking's “ talking about ” the problem, and the Intel lab selected a group of experts to set up “ the human computer communication research team ” After trying the brain wave input and improving the eye tracking technology, Hocking and Intel technology team began to develop ACAT (Assistive Context Aware Toolkit, auxiliary situational awareness Toolkit).
The ACAT system collects a large number of articles and personal replies published by Hocking in the past through big data analysis, and establishes a corpus of “ Hocking's exclusive &rdquo. At the same time, the SwiftKey sliding input method developed by mathematical genius ·, Reynolds and Ben ·, Meade Rock also added to Hocking's eyeball.
In this way, when Hocking enters the first word, the system automatically complements the next possible word, such as “ black&rdquo, and then “ hole” More awesome is that through high precision recognition of Hocking's facial movements, ACAT can make the Hocking window browsing, file management and multi task switching operation.
No wonder Hocking said happily: “ it seems that medical treatment is not good for me, but technology can also make me communicate with the world. With 20 years of technical support from Intel, I can devote my energies to doing what I love every day. ”
Stephen Hocking was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) when he was 21 years old. ALS is a motor neuron disease, leading to progressive death of nerves that control muscles. Most of the patients will die within five years. Fortunately, Hocking's disease is progressing very slowly. But Hocking has only a small amount of motor function, mainly in the muscles on his face. His connection with the world is provided by computer technology built in wheelchairs.
What Hocking uses to communicate is properly named as speech generator (SGD) or speech output communication aids. This is a special device that can supplement or replace the voice / writing of people who communicate in traditional ways.
Since 1997, Hocking has been using the computer-based communication system made by Intel. The entire computer system is replaced every two years in order to gradually lose control of the muscles.
At present, Intel has opened the code of the auxiliary perception toolkit.
Like many other ASL patients, he has little control over his muscles, which means he can't just type text or click on some buttons. Enter information. He needs a different and more complex way to provide information to computers.
This is achieved by an infrared switch mounted on his glasses. There is a slight twitching or movement on his cheek. When his condition improved earlier in his life, he used his thumb to press his voice generator. However, he eventually lost control of the nerve that controlled his thumb muscles, and had to use other input methods, so an infrared switch was needed to track his cheek movements.
The interface is made up of Words Plus IncA program named EZ Keys is developed. It provides a software keyboard displayed on a tablet computer and mounted on an arm of a wheelchair, which is powered by a wheelchair battery.
The software moves the cursor on the keyboard by moving columns or rows. When it reaches the ideal word, Hocking can twitch and stop with his cheeks.
In addition, EZ Keys also allows him to move pointers on the Windows computers he uses.
To make things easier, the software also contains an automatic completion feature - very similar to our capabilities on smartphones and tablets - to predict words without the need for Hocking to spell the whole word.
In order to speak out the complete sentence aloud. Hocking uses a speech synthesizer (developed by Speech +), once Hocking chooses the result, it will say this sentence.
This machine not only allows him to speak, but also allows him to do many other tasks, such as checking his email, browsing the Internet, making notes, and using Skype to chat with his friends.
Intel has sent a dedicated engineer team to further improve his communication system and to enhance the number of tasks he can perform. All in all, Hocking will not have much difficulty in making speeches and interacting with people using this communication system.
Hocking's wheelchair is a major invention. The birth of the shoe cleaner is a great invention, which provides cleanliness for the cleanroom and the electronics industry.